Calling Code Enforcement On A Landlord In Florida

Having frustrations with a negligent landlord who won’t make needed repairs or maintain safe and sanitary housing conditions? Many tenants wonder if contacting code enforcement to report rental property violations is an effective option in Florida. The quick answer is yes, notifying your local code enforcement agency about a landlord breaking health, safety, or occupancy codes is perfectly legal, though discrimination laws still apply.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything tenants in Florida need to know about calling in code enforcement against a delinquent landlord. We’ll look at typical housing code violations, the investigation process, protections against retaliation, and when it may be wiser to pursue other remedies instead.

Common Rental Housing Code Violations

When it comes to renting a property, both tenants and landlords have certain responsibilities to ensure the safety and well-being of all parties involved. Unfortunately, there are instances where landlords neglect these responsibilities, leading to various code violations.

Understanding the most common rental housing code violations can help tenants identify potential issues and take appropriate action. Here are some of the most prevalent violations found in rental properties in Florida:

Property Maintenance Issues

Property maintenance issues are one of the most common code violations found in rental properties. This can include problems with plumbing, electrical systems, heating and cooling systems, as well as issues with structural integrity.

For example, a leaking roof, broken windows, or malfunctioning appliances can pose serious risks to tenants’ safety and well-being. Landlords are required to address these issues promptly, ensuring that the rental property is in good condition and meets the necessary safety standards.

Fire and Safety Hazards

Fire and safety hazards are another significant concern in rental properties. These violations can include inadequate fire safety measures, such as missing or non-functioning smoke detectors, improper wiring, or blocked fire exits.

It is crucial for landlords to ensure that their properties meet the necessary fire safety regulations to protect their tenants from potential disasters. In Florida, the State Fire Marshal’s Office provides guidelines and regulations for fire safety in rental properties, which landlords must adhere to.

Overcrowding Violations

Overcrowding is a violation that occurs when a rental property has more occupants than legally allowed. This can lead to safety hazards, increased wear and tear on the property, and a decreased quality of life for tenants.

Overcrowding can also strain the property’s resources, such as water and electricity, leading to potential issues for both tenants and the surrounding community. It is important for landlords to establish occupancy limits and ensure compliance with these limits to maintain a safe and comfortable living environment for all tenants.

It is crucial for tenants to be aware of their rights and responsibilities when it comes to rental housing code violations. If a tenant notices any of these violations in their rental property, they should document the issues and contact their local code enforcement agency to report the problem.

By taking action, tenants can help ensure that their living conditions are safe and in compliance with the necessary regulations.

The Code Enforcement Investigation Process

Making a Complaint

If you find yourself dealing with a landlord who is not meeting the necessary standards for maintaining their property, you have the right to make a complaint to the code enforcement department in Florida. This can be done by either calling their office or submitting a complaint online.

When making a complaint, it’s important to provide as much detail as possible, including the address of the property, the specific violations you have observed, and any supporting evidence you may have.

The more information you can provide, the better equipped the code enforcement department will be to investigate the situation.


Once a complaint has been received, the code enforcement department will initiate an investigation into the alleged violations. This typically involves conducting an inspection of the property in question.

During the inspection, a code enforcement officer will assess the condition of the property and look for any violations of local building codes or ordinances. They will document their findings and determine whether any violations exist.

It’s worth noting that code enforcement officers have the authority to enter the property in question to conduct their inspection. They may also take photographs or videos to document the violations. This information will be crucial in building a case against the landlord if necessary.

Re-Inspections and Fines

If violations are found during the initial inspection, the code enforcement department will issue a notice to the landlord, detailing the violations and the necessary corrective actions. The landlord will then be given a specific timeframe to address the violations and bring the property into compliance with the applicable codes and ordinances.

Following the given timeframe, a re-inspection will be conducted to ensure that the necessary repairs or improvements have been made. If the violations have been corrected, the case may be closed. However, if the landlord fails to address the violations within the specified timeframe, they may be subject to fines or further legal action.

It’s important to remember that the code enforcement process is in place to protect the health, safety, and welfare of tenants and the community as a whole. By reporting violations and participating in the investigation process, you are helping to ensure that landlords in Florida are held accountable for maintaining their properties in a safe and habitable condition.

Landlord Retaliation Protections

When dealing with a difficult landlord in Florida, it’s important to know your rights as a tenant. One crucial aspect of tenant rights is protection against landlord retaliation. Landlord retaliation occurs when a landlord takes adverse actions against a tenant in response to the tenant exercising their legal rights or making complaints about the property.

To ensure a safe and fair living environment, Florida has implemented specific laws to protect tenants from such retaliatory actions.

Prohibited Retaliatory Actions

Florida law prohibits landlords from retaliating against tenants in various ways. Some common prohibited retaliatory actions include:

  • Increasing rent
  • Decreasing services or amenities
  • Threatening eviction
  • Refusing to renew a lease
  • Harassing or intimidating the tenant

These actions are considered illegal and can have serious consequences for the landlord if proven.

Documenting Retaliation

If you suspect that your landlord is retaliating against you, it’s important to document any evidence of their actions. This documentation can be crucial in proving your case if legal action becomes necessary.

Keep a record of any communication with your landlord, including emails, letters, or text messages. Take photographs or videos of any maintenance issues or changes in services. If possible, gather witness statements from neighbors or other tenants who may have also experienced retaliation from the landlord.

It is also recommended to familiarize yourself with the specific laws and regulations in your area regarding landlord retaliation. Understanding your rights and the legal protections available to you will help you build a stronger case.

Reporting Retaliation

If you believe you are experiencing landlord retaliation, it is important to report the situation to the appropriate authorities. In Florida, you can file a complaint with the local code enforcement agency or the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation (DBPR).

These agencies have the power to investigate your complaint and take appropriate action against the landlord if necessary.

It’s important to note that retaliation claims can be complex and require legal expertise. Consider consulting with an attorney who specializes in landlord-tenant law to ensure your rights are protected and to guide you through the process.

Alternative Recourses for Tenants

When dealing with a problematic landlord in Florida, tenants may feel helpless and frustrated. However, there are several alternative recourses available to tenants that can help address and resolve issues with their landlord.

Withholding Rent

If a landlord fails to maintain the property or address serious habitability issues, tenants may have the option to withhold rent. According to Florida law, tenants are legally entitled to a safe and habitable living environment.

If a landlord fails to provide this, tenants can withhold rent until the issue is resolved. However, it is important to follow the proper legal procedures and documentation when considering this option to avoid potential eviction.

Seeking Legal Action

If communication with the landlord fails to resolve the issues, tenants can consider seeking legal action. This may involve filing a complaint with the local code enforcement agency or contacting a lawyer specializing in landlord-tenant disputes.

These professionals can provide guidance on the legal options available and help tenants navigate the complex legal process.

It is worth noting that Florida law prohibits landlords from retaliating against tenants who exercise their legal rights. If a tenant believes they are being retaliated against for seeking legal action, they should document any incidents and consult with an attorney to protect their rights.

Terminating Lease

In some cases, the issues with a landlord may be so severe that the best recourse for a tenant is to terminate the lease and find alternative housing. However, it is crucial to review the terms of the lease agreement before taking this step.

There may be specific provisions regarding early termination that could result in financial penalties or legal consequences for the tenant. Consulting with a lawyer can help tenants understand their rights and potential liabilities before terminating the lease.

Remember, it is always recommended to keep thorough documentation of any issues, communication with the landlord, and any actions taken. This documentation can be crucial in supporting a tenant’s case should they need to escalate the situation through legal channels.


Calling in housing code violations can be an effective way for tenants to compel negligent Florida landlords to make needed property repairs and meet their legal obligations. However, tenants should understand their rights and proceed with caution to avoid retaliation.

Where amicable resolutions fail, utilizing code enforcement or legal action may be the only way to make rental housing safe and habitable. But tenants and landlords maintaining open communication is still the best pathway to peaceful resolution.

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