Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, located in the south central part of the country. With its vast size, it shares borders with multiple states. But which one is geographically the closest to Texas? Read on as we dive into the details.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Louisiana.

Overview of Texas and Its Border States

Texas, also known as the Lone Star State, is the second-largest state in the United States both in terms of land area and population. It is located in the southern part of the country and has a diverse landscape that includes deserts, forests, and coastal plains.

With its rich history, vibrant culture, and booming economy, Texas holds a special place in the hearts of its residents and attracts millions of visitors each year.

Size and location of Texas

Texas spans an enormous area of approximately 268,597 square miles, making it larger than many countries around the world. To put it into perspective, Texas is about twice the size of Germany and almost three times the size of Japan.

It stretches from the Gulf of Mexico in the southeast to the Great Plains in the northwest.

When it comes to distance, Texas is bordered by six states, each with its own unique characteristics and attractions. These states include New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas.

States that border Texas

  • New Mexico: Located to the west of Texas, New Mexico is known for its stunning desert landscapes, rich Native American heritage, and vibrant art scene. It shares a 160-mile-long border with Texas.
  • Oklahoma: To the north of Texas, Oklahoma offers a mix of prairies, forests, and mountains. It shares a 509-mile-long border with Texas.
  • Arkansas: Situated to the northeast of Texas, Arkansas is home to beautiful natural wonders such as the Ozark Mountains and the Hot Springs National Park. It shares a 373-mile-long border with Texas.
  • Louisiana: Bordering Texas to the east, Louisiana is known for its vibrant music, delicious cuisine, and unique blend of cultures. It shares a 367-mile-long border with Texas.
  • Mexican States: Texas also shares a border with four Mexican states: Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. These states offer a taste of Mexican culture, history, and cuisine, making them popular destinations for both Texans and visitors from around the world.

Exploring the border states of Texas provides an opportunity to experience the diverse landscapes, cultures, and attractions that make this region so captivating. Whether you’re interested in outdoor adventures, historical sites, or simply enjoying the hospitality of the people, the border states offer something for everyone.

For more information about Texas and its border states, you can visit the official website of the Governor of Texas or the Travel Texas website, which provides comprehensive travel guides and resources for exploring the state.

Measuring Distance Between Texas and Border States

When it comes to determining which state is closest to Texas, several factors need to be considered. One of the primary considerations is how distance is defined, as there are multiple ways to measure it.

Defining ‘closest’ state

The term “closest” can be subjective and can vary depending on the context. Generally, when referring to the closest state to Texas, it is often measured by either direct linear distance between their borders or by factoring in driving distance.

Calculating direct linear distance between borders

One way to measure the distance between Texas and its border states is by calculating the direct linear distance between their borders. This method involves measuring the straight line distance from one state’s border to another without considering any geographical obstacles.

For instance, if we consider New Mexico as one of the border states, we can determine the linear distance by measuring the straight line from the Texas-New Mexico border to the farthest point of the state’s border.

The same process can be applied to other border states such as Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Arkansas.

Factoring in driving distance

Another approach to measuring the distance between Texas and its border states is by factoring in the driving distance. This method takes into account the actual road routes and the time it takes to travel between the states.

By considering the driving distance, we can get a more accurate representation of the proximity between Texas and its neighboring states. This is particularly important for practical purposes, such as estimating travel time or accessibility.

It’s important to note that the closest state to Texas may differ depending on which method of measurement is used. Additionally, the distance between Texas and its border states can vary depending on specific locations within each state.

For more information on distances between Texas and its border states, you can visit www.distance-cities.com or www.mapquest.com/directions to calculate distances and plan your travels accordingly.

Other Factors to Consider

When determining which state is closest to Texas, it’s important to consider more than just geographical distance. There are several other factors that contribute to the overall closeness between states. Let’s take a look at some of these factors:

Cultural ties and similarities

One important factor to consider is the cultural ties and similarities between Texas and other states. Texas has a unique cultural identity that is influenced by its history, diverse population, and strong regional pride.

When looking for states that are closest to Texas in terms of cultural ties, states like Oklahoma and Louisiana come to mind. These states share similar southern hospitality, love for country music, and appreciation for Tex-Mex cuisine.

The shared cultural experiences can create a sense of familiarity and closeness between states.

Economic relationships

Economic relationships also play a significant role in determining the closeness between states. Texas is known for its robust economy, and its proximity to other states can lead to strong economic ties. For example, Texas has a close economic relationship with its neighboring state, Mexico.

The state’s proximity to the Mexican border has led to a significant amount of trade and business partnerships. Additionally, states with similar industries or business interests, such as energy-rich states like Oklahoma and Louisiana, can also be considered close to Texas in terms of economic relationships.

Shared infrastructure projects

Infrastructure projects can also contribute to the overall closeness between states. Shared highways, railways, and other transportation systems can make travel and communication between states more convenient.

For instance, the Gulf Coast region, which includes states like Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, shares a common interest in maintaining and improving the infrastructure along the coast. This collaboration not only fosters a sense of closeness between states but also promotes economic growth and tourism in the region.

Considering these factors alongside geographical distance can give us a more comprehensive understanding of which states are closest to Texas. It’s important to recognize that closeness between states can be measured in various ways, and each factor contributes to a unique sense of connection and proximity.

The Close Relationship Between Texas and Louisiana

When it comes to states that have a close relationship with Texas, Louisiana certainly stands out. The two states share a border that stretches approximately 367 miles, making them immediate neighbors.

This close proximity has resulted in a number of shared characteristics and interactions between the two states.

Shared border length and proximity of major cities

One of the main factors that contribute to the close relationship between Texas and Louisiana is their shared border length. The border between the two states runs along the Sabine River and the Gulf of Mexico, creating a natural boundary that brings them together.

This geographic proximity has led to a significant amount of cross-border interaction, including trade, tourism, and cultural exchanges.

Furthermore, several major cities in both Texas and Louisiana are located in close proximity to each other. For example, Houston in Texas and New Orleans in Louisiana are only about 350 miles apart. This close distance between major urban centers has facilitated economic ties and the movement of people between the two states.

Overlapping industries and transportation networks

Another aspect that strengthens the bond between Texas and Louisiana is the overlap in industries and transportation networks. Both states have a significant presence in the energy sector, with Texas being a global hub for oil and gas production and Louisiana hosting important refineries and petrochemical plants.

This shared focus on the energy industry has created a strong economic interdependence between the two states. They rely on each other for the transportation of resources, as well as the exchange of goods and services.

The extensive network of pipelines, ports, and railroads connecting Texas and Louisiana further facilitates this interdependence.

Louisiana’s influence on East Texas culture

Louisiana’s influence on East Texas culture cannot be overlooked. The proximity of these regions has led to a blending of traditions, music, and cuisine. Cajun and Creole influences are particularly prominent in East Texas, with dishes like gumbo and jambalaya being popular in the region.

The vibrant music scene in Louisiana, including genres like zydeco and jazz, has also made its way across the border, enriching the cultural fabric of Texas.

Furthermore, the annual Mardi Gras celebration in Louisiana has become a beloved tradition in many Texas cities, including Galveston and Port Arthur. The influence of Louisiana culture can be seen in the architecture, festivals, and even language in certain parts of East Texas.


In conclusion, while Texas shares borders with four different states, its closest neighbor both geographically and culturally is undoubtedly Louisiana. The two states have a relationship intertwined by history, economic ties, and shared infrastructure along their long border. So next time someone asks you which state is nearest to Texas, you can confidently say it’s Louisiana.

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