Is Arkansas Located In Texas? Getting The Geography Right

With its close proximity, it’s understandable how some may get Arkansas and Texas confused. If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: No, Arkansas is not located in Texas – it is its own separate state that borders Texas.

This article will clear up any confusion over whether Arkansas is part of Texas. We’ll look at the definition and borders of each state, their history and relationship, and the geographical features that distinguish them.

Defining the Borders of Arkansas

Arkansas, a state located in the southern United States, is bordered by several states including Missouri, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma. Let’s take a closer look at the geography of Arkansas.

– Located in southern U.S.

Arkansas is situated in the southern region of the United States, commonly referred to as the Deep South. This region is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and warm hospitality. Arkansas itself is known for its beautiful landscapes, including the Ozark Mountains in the northwestern part of the state and the Mississippi River Delta in the eastern part.

– Bordered by Missouri, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma

Arkansas shares its borders with six neighboring states. To the north, it is bordered by Missouri, known for its vibrant cities and stunning natural beauty. Tennessee lies to the northeast, famous for its music scene and historical sites like Graceland.

Mississippi lies to the east, with its rich blues heritage and idyllic coastal areas.

On the southern border, Arkansas shares its boundary with Louisiana, renowned for its vibrant Cajun culture and delicious cuisine. To the southwest, Texas borders Arkansas, a state known for its vast size, diverse landscapes, and iconic cowboy culture.

Finally, to the west, lies Oklahoma, home to stunning prairies and Native American heritage.

– Capital and major cities

The capital city of Arkansas is Little Rock, located in the central part of the state. Little Rock is a bustling city with a rich history and offers a vibrant cultural scene. It is home to the William J. Clinton Presidential Library and Museum, showcasing artifacts from the presidency of Bill Clinton.

In addition to Little Rock, Arkansas is home to several other major cities, including Fayetteville, Fort Smith, Springdale, and Jonesboro. Fayetteville, located in the northwest region of the state, is known for its lively arts and music scene, as well as being home to the University of Arkansas.

Fort Smith, situated on the Arkansas-Oklahoma border, has a rich heritage as a frontier town and is known for its historical sites and Western folklore. Springdale, also located in northwest Arkansas, is home to the headquarters of Walmart, one of the largest retail companies in the world.

Jonesboro, located in the northeastern part of the state, is a hub for education and healthcare.

Defining the Borders of Texas

When it comes to understanding the geography of Texas, it is important to have a clear understanding of its borders. Let’s take a closer look at how Texas is defined.

– Located in south-central U.S.

Texas is located in the south-central region of the United States. It shares its borders with several states, including New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana. Additionally, Texas shares a border with Mexico to the south.

– Bordered by New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mexico

New Mexico, located to the west of Texas, forms a natural boundary between the two states. To the north, Texas is bordered by Oklahoma, which is known for its diverse landscapes and rich Native American history.

Arkansas, situated to the northeast of Texas, is known for its beautiful mountain ranges and scenic outdoor attractions. It’s worth noting that Arkansas is a separate state and not a part of Texas.

On the eastern side of Texas lies Louisiana, known for its vibrant culture and unique blend of French, African, and American influences. The shared border between Texas and Louisiana creates a dynamic region with a rich history.

To the south, Texas shares a border with Mexico. This border stretches for approximately 1,254 miles, making it one of the longest international borders in the world. The Texas-Mexico border has a significant impact on the state’s cultural diversity and economic relationships.

– Capital and major cities

The capital of Texas is Austin, a city known for its vibrant music scene, beautiful parks, and innovative technology industry. Austin serves as the political and cultural hub of the state.

Aside from Austin, Texas is home to several major cities, including Houston, Dallas, San Antonio, and Fort Worth. Houston, the largest city in Texas, is known for its thriving energy industry and diverse population.

Dallas, on the other hand, is a major financial and commercial center, while San Antonio is famous for its rich history and iconic landmarks like the Alamo. Fort Worth, often referred to as the “City of Cowboys and Culture,” has a strong Western heritage and is known for its vibrant arts scene.

Relationship and History Between the States

– Joined the Union at different times

Arkansas and Texas, two neighboring states in the southern United States, have a unique relationship and history. One of the key differences between the two states is the time at which they joined the Union.

Arkansas became the 25th state to join the United States on June 15, 1836, while Texas entered the Union as the 28th state on December 29, 1845. This difference in statehood dates highlights the separate paths each state took in their journey to becoming part of the United States.

– No shared history of being one territory

Despite their geographical proximity, Arkansas and Texas do not have a shared history of being one territory. Arkansas was originally part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and became its own territory in 1819.

On the other hand, Texas was once a part of Mexico and gained independence in 1836 before ultimately joining the United States. While they both have rich histories, the paths they took to statehood and their individual experiences have led to distinct cultures and identities.

– Interstate collaborations today

Today, Arkansas and Texas collaborate on various interstate initiatives and projects. They work together on issues such as transportation, trade, and economic development. For example, the two states have collaborated on the development of highway infrastructure to enhance connectivity and facilitate the movement of goods and people between them.

This collaboration benefits both states and helps to strengthen their economies.

For more information on the history and relationship between Arkansas and Texas, you can visit the official websites of each state:

Distinct Geography and Features

Topography and major rivers

Arkansas, a state located in the southern region of the United States, has a distinct geography that sets it apart from its neighboring states, including Texas. The state boasts a diverse topography with the Ozark Mountains in the northwestern region and the Ouachita Mountains in the southwestern region.

These mountain ranges provide breathtaking landscapes and scenic views for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers.

Moreover, Arkansas is home to several major rivers that contribute to its unique geography. The Mississippi River forms the eastern border of the state, while the Arkansas River flows through the center, dividing the state into two distinct regions.

These rivers not only add to the beauty of the landscape but also play a crucial role in the state’s economy and transportation system.

Climate and agriculture zones

The climate in Arkansas varies across the state, with the northern region experiencing a humid subtropical climate and the southern region having a more humid continental climate. This diversity in climate allows for a wide range of agricultural activities and crops to be grown throughout the state.

Arkansas is divided into several agriculture zones, each with its own unique characteristics and suitable crops. The eastern part of the state, known as the Delta region, is primarily used for growing cotton, rice, and soybeans.

The central region is known for its fertile soil, perfect for cultivating various fruits and vegetables. The western part of the state, with its hilly terrain, is more suitable for livestock farming.

Unique ecosystems and wildlife

Arkansas is blessed with a rich and diverse ecosystem, providing a habitat for a wide variety of plant and animal species. The state is home to several national forests, including the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest and the Ouachita National Forest, which are teeming with wildlife and offer numerous recreational activities for visitors.

One of the most notable wildlife species found in Arkansas is the American black bear, which has made a remarkable comeback in recent years. Other wildlife species that can be spotted in the state include white-tailed deer, wild turkeys, and bald eagles, to name a few.

For nature enthusiasts and bird watchers, Arkansas is a paradise with its numerous bird species. The state is a popular destination for birding, attracting bird lovers from all over the country. The abundance of lakes, rivers, and wetlands provides a perfect environment for various waterfowl and migratory birds.

To learn more about the geography and unique features of Arkansas, you can visit the official website of the Arkansas Department of Parks, Heritage, and Tourism at The website offers detailed information and resources for those interested in exploring the natural wonders of the state.


While Arkansas and Texas sit side-by-side and share a long border, they are clearly defined as separate U.S. states with distinct histories, geographies, and characteristics. So next time you look at a map of the United States, you can remember that Arkansas resides firmly outside of Texas’s borders.

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