Sbr Laws In Texas: What You Need To Know

Short-barreled rifles (SBRs) are a hot topic in the world of firearms. If you’re a gun owner in Texas looking to legally own an SBR, you’ll need to understand the laws surrounding these regulated weapons.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Under federal and Texas state law, individuals are allowed to legally own short-barreled rifles if they complete the proper registration process. This involves submitting paperwork, getting fingerprinted, and paying a $200 tax stamp fee.

What is Considered an SBR in Texas?

In Texas, an SBR refers to a Short-Barreled Rifle. It is important to understand the definition and requirements of an SBR to ensure compliance with the state’s laws and regulations. Texas follows federal guidelines when it comes to defining an SBR, but there may be some additional state-specific regulations to be aware of.

Barrel Length Requirements

When it comes to barrel length requirements, Texas follows the federal law which defines an SBR as a rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or an overall length of less than 26 inches. It is important to note that these measurements are taken with any attachments or stocks fully extended.

For example, if a rifle has a barrel length of 14 inches and an overall length of 25 inches with the stock fully extended, it would be considered an SBR in Texas. However, if the stock is removed or folded, and the overall length exceeds 26 inches, it would no longer be classified as an SBR.

Overall Length Requirements

Along with barrel length, the overall length of the rifle is also an important factor in determining whether it is classified as an SBR in Texas. The overall length includes the barrel, any attachments, and the stock when fully extended.

It is crucial to measure the overall length correctly to ensure compliance with the law. If the overall length falls below 26 inches, even if the barrel length is within the legal limit, the firearm will be considered an SBR.

However, if the overall length exceeds 26 inches, it would not be classified as an SBR.

Stocks and Attachments

Stocks and attachments play a significant role in determining whether a rifle is classified as an SBR in Texas. If a rifle has a barrel length and overall length that meet the legal requirements, the next consideration is the type of stock and attachments it has.

In Texas, rifles with collapsible or folding stocks are generally allowed as long as they meet the barrel length and overall length requirements. However, it is essential to stay updated with any changes in the law and consult local authorities or legal experts for specific guidance.

It is crucial to familiarize yourself with the laws and regulations regarding SBRs in Texas to avoid any legal consequences. For more information on SBR laws and regulations in Texas, you can visit the official website of the Texas Department of Public Safety at

Texas SBR Ownership Laws

When it comes to owning a Short-Barreled Rifle (SBR) in Texas, there are several important laws that gun owners need to be aware of. These laws regulate the possession, transfer, and use of SBRs to ensure public safety while still allowing responsible individuals to exercise their Second Amendment rights.

NFA Registration

One of the key requirements for owning an SBR in Texas is to comply with the National Firearms Act (NFA) regulations. Under the NFA, SBRs are classified as Title II weapons and must be registered with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).

This involves completing the necessary paperwork, paying a one-time tax, and undergoing a background check.

It’s important to note that the registration process can be complex, but there are resources available to help gun owners navigate through it. The ATF website,, provides detailed information and forms that are required for NFA registration.

CCH Permit

In addition to NFA registration, Texas gun owners must also possess a Concealed Carry Handgun (CCH) permit to legally own and carry an SBR. This permit is issued by the Texas Department of Public Safety and requires applicants to meet certain criteria, including completing a background check, undergoing fingerprinting, and completing a training course.

The CCH permit not only allows individuals to legally possess an SBR but also provides them with the ability to carry it in public places where concealed carry is allowed. It’s important to note that the requirements and application process for a CCH permit may vary, so it’s recommended to check the Texas Department of Public Safety’s website for the most up-to-date information.

Age Requirements

Another aspect to consider when it comes to owning an SBR in Texas is the age requirement. To legally possess an SBR, an individual must be at least 18 years old. However, if they wish to purchase an SBR from a licensed dealer, they must be at least 21 years old due to federal regulations.

It’s crucial to understand and comply with these age requirements to avoid any legal issues and ensure responsible ownership of an SBR in Texas.

Buying, Selling, and Transporting SBRs in Texas

When it comes to firearms, particularly Short-Barreled Rifles (SBRs), it is important to understand the laws and regulations that govern their purchase, sale, and transportation. In Texas, there are specific guidelines that individuals must abide by to ensure compliance with state and federal laws.

Whether you are purchasing from a licensed dealer, engaging in a private sale, or transporting your SBR, it is crucial to be well-informed to avoid any legal issues.

Purchasing from a Dealer

Buying an SBR from a licensed dealer in Texas follows the same procedures as purchasing any other firearm. Individuals must be at least 18 years old to purchase a rifle and 21 years old to purchase a handgun.

The buyer must also undergo a background check through the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). It is important to note that SBRs are classified as Title II firearms, requiring additional paperwork and a tax stamp from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF).

When purchasing an SBR from a dealer, it is essential to ensure that the dealer is properly licensed and authorized to sell NFA (National Firearms Act) firearms. This can be verified by checking the ATF’s list of licensed dealers and manufacturers on their official website.

It is also advisable to consult with an attorney or legal expert familiar with firearms laws to ensure compliance with all regulations.

Private Sales

Private sales of firearms, including SBRs, are legal in Texas. However, it is crucial to conduct these transactions in accordance with state and federal laws. Both the buyer and seller must be Texas residents and not prohibited from owning firearms.

It is recommended to draft a bill of sale that includes the firearm’s make, model, serial number, and the full names and addresses of both parties involved. While background checks are typically not required for private sales, it is advisable to exercise caution and conduct due diligence to ensure the legitimacy of the transaction.

It is worth noting that the ATF recommends using a licensed dealer as an intermediary for private sales. This can help ensure compliance with federal regulations, including the completion of Form 4473, which documents the transfer of ownership.

Additionally, using a licensed dealer can provide a level of assurance for both the buyer and seller regarding the legality of the transaction.


Transporting an SBR in Texas requires adherence to certain guidelines. While the state does not have specific laws regarding the transportation of firearms, it is essential to follow federal regulations outlined by the ATF.

When transporting an SBR, it must be unloaded and stored in a secure container, such as a locked gun case. Ammunition should be stored separately from the firearm. It is also advisable to keep all necessary documentation, including the tax stamp and any relevant permits, readily accessible in case of any interactions with law enforcement.

It is important to note that regulations regarding the transportation of firearms may vary in other states. It is advisable to research and familiarize oneself with the laws of each state through which the SBR will be transported to ensure compliance.

For further information and to stay updated on any changes in SBR laws, individuals can visit the official websites of the ATF ( and the Texas Department of Public Safety (

Using an SBR for Hunting in Texas

When it comes to hunting in Texas, it’s important to understand the laws and regulations surrounding the use of Short-Barreled Rifles (SBRs). SBRs are firearms with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or an overall length of less than 26 inches.

While SBRs are highly regulated by the federal government, Texas has its own specific laws regarding their use in hunting.

SBRs for Game Hunting

In Texas, SBRs can be used for game hunting, but there are certain restrictions and considerations to keep in mind. It is crucial to check with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) for the most up-to-date and specific regulations regarding hunting with SBRs.

One of the key factors to consider is the type of game you are hunting. Different game species may have different requirements or restrictions when it comes to the use of SBRs. For example, while SBRs may be allowed for hunting small game like squirrels or rabbits, they may not be permitted for hunting larger game such as deer or elk.

Additionally, it is important to note that hunting with an SBR requires obtaining the necessary permits and licenses. This includes a valid hunting license and compliance with any specific SBR-related regulations set forth by the TPWD.

Hog Hunting with an SBR

One popular use of SBRs in Texas is for hog hunting. Feral hogs are a significant problem in many parts of the state, causing damage to crops and natural habitats. SBRs can be particularly effective for hunting hogs due to their compact size and maneuverability in dense brush or wooded areas.

When hunting feral hogs with an SBR, it is important to follow all applicable regulations and guidelines. This includes obtaining the necessary permits, adhering to bag limits, and hunting in designated areas.

It is also crucial to prioritize safety and ethical hunting practices, ensuring a clean and humane kill.

Before heading out to hunt hogs with an SBR, it is recommended to research the specific regulations and guidelines set by the TPWD. They will provide detailed information on any restrictions or additional requirements for hunting hogs with SBRs.

Remember, staying informed and following the rules and regulations is essential when using an SBR for hunting in Texas. By doing so, hunters can enjoy a safe and successful hunting experience while also contributing to wildlife management efforts in the state.


In summary, Texas gun owners can legally own short-barreled rifles if they go through the proper federal and state registration procedures. Understanding the barrel length and overall length requirements, as well as following the laws around purchasing, transporting, and using an SBR, will ensure firearm owners remain compliant.

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