Taiwan Vs. California: How The Sizes Of These Places Compare

With their Pacific coastlines, vibrant cities, diverse landscapes, and technology hubs, Taiwan and California share some similarities. But when it comes to sheer size, there are major differences between the two places.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: At 13,974 square miles, Taiwan is less than 4% the size of California, which spans 163,696 square miles.

This comprehensive guide will analyze the relative sizes of Taiwan and California using facts and figures. We’ll look at total area, population density, geographic features, and other size comparisons to put the scale of these two iconic Pacific places in perspective.

Total Land Area

Square mileage of Taiwan

Taiwan, officially known as the Republic of China, is an island located in East Asia. It has a total land area of approximately 13,976 square miles. Despite being relatively small in size compared to other countries, Taiwan is densely populated and boasts a thriving economy.

The island is known for its beautiful landscapes, including towering mountains, picturesque coastlines, and lush forests.

Square mileage of California

On the other hand, California is a state located on the West Coast of the United States. It is renowned for its diverse geography, ranging from sandy beaches to arid deserts and towering mountains. California is the third-largest state in the U.S. and covers an impressive land area of about 163,696 square miles.

Its size makes it larger than many countries around the world, including Taiwan.

Taiwan’s size compared to California’s

When comparing the land areas of Taiwan and California, it is evident that California is significantly larger. In fact, California’s land area is more than ten times that of Taiwan. This stark difference in size is reflected in the population as well, with California having a much larger population than Taiwan.

While Taiwan may be smaller in size, it is important to note that both places have their own unique characteristics and attractions that make them special.

For more information on Taiwan’s land area and its geographical features, you can visit the CIA World Factbook. Similarly, if you want to explore California’s diverse landscapes and learn more about its land area, you can visit the Visit California website.

Population Density

Taiwan and California, both known for their vibrant cultures and bustling cities, also have interesting differences when it comes to population density. Let’s take a closer look at how these two places compare.

Taiwan’s population density

Taiwan, a small island nation in East Asia, is known for its high population density. With a land area of approximately 36,000 square kilometers, Taiwan is home to over 23 million people. This translates to a population density of around 650 people per square kilometer.

The capital city of Taipei is especially crowded, with a population density of over 9,000 people per square kilometer.

Did you know? Taiwan’s population density is one of the highest in the world, ranking among countries like Bangladesh and South Korea.

California’s population density

On the other hand, California, the most populous state in the United States, has a different population density. With a land area of around 423,970 square kilometers, California is home to over 39 million people.

This gives the state a population density of approximately 92 people per square kilometer. While this may seem low compared to Taiwan, it is important to consider the vast size of California, which has diverse landscapes ranging from bustling cities to vast stretches of rural land.

Fun fact: Despite its lower population density, California’s total population is higher than that of Taiwan.

Population comparisons

When comparing the population densities of Taiwan and California, it is clear that Taiwan is much more densely populated. However, it is important to consider the different sizes and geographical characteristics of these places.

While Taiwan’s small land area contributes to its high population density, California’s larger land area allows for a lower population density. Both places have their own unique characteristics and charm, attracting people from all walks of life.

For more information on Taiwan’s population and demographics, you can visit the official website of the Ministry of the Interior of Taiwan: https://www.moi.gov.tw/english/index.php

Comparing Geographic Features

Taiwan’s terrain

Taiwan, located in East Asia, is an island with a diverse range of geographic features. The island is known for its stunning mountain ranges, with the highest peak, Yu Shan, reaching an impressive height of 3,952 meters.

The rugged terrain of Taiwan offers breathtaking views and attracts hikers and nature enthusiasts from around the world.

In addition to its mountains, Taiwan is also home to beautiful coastal areas. The island is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, providing picturesque beaches and opportunities for water sports and relaxation.

From the bustling city of Taipei to the serene countryside, Taiwan offers a unique blend of natural beauty and urban charm.

California’s terrain

On the other side of the world, California, located in the western United States, boasts its own impressive geographic features. The state is known for its diverse landscape, ranging from stunning coastline to vast deserts and towering mountains.

California is home to the iconic Sierra Nevada mountain range, with its highest peak, Mount Whitney, reaching an elevation of 4,421 meters. These mountains offer a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts, with opportunities for hiking, skiing, and rock climbing.

The state also features the famous Death Valley, one of the hottest places on Earth, with a unique desert landscape and surreal natural formations. California’s coastline stretches over 840 miles, providing numerous beaches and opportunities for water activities.

Notable geological differences

While both Taiwan and California have impressive terrain, there are notable geological differences between the two. Taiwan is located in an area prone to earthquakes due to its location along the Pacific Ring of Fire.

This makes the island vulnerable to seismic activity and contributes to its rugged landscape.

California, on the other hand, is also prone to earthquakes and experiences regular seismic activity due to its location on the San Andreas Fault. However, the state is also known for its diverse ecosystems, including its famous redwood forests and lush vineyards.

It’s fascinating to compare the geographic features of Taiwan and California, as they both offer unique landscapes and opportunities for exploration. Whether you’re a lover of mountains or beaches, these places have something to offer for everyone.

Major Cities by Size

Taipei vs. Los Angeles

When comparing the sizes of major cities, Taipei and Los Angeles are two prominent examples. Taipei, the capital of Taiwan, is a bustling metropolis with a population of approximately 2.7 million people.

It is known for its modern infrastructure, vibrant night markets, and iconic landmark, Taipei 101. On the other hand, Los Angeles, the largest city in California, is home to around 4 million residents. It is recognized for its entertainment industry, including Hollywood and its numerous beaches.

While Taipei is smaller in terms of population, its compact layout and efficient public transportation system make it a convenient city to explore.

Kaohsiung vs. San Diego

Another interesting comparison can be made between Kaohsiung and San Diego. Kaohsiung, the second-largest city in Taiwan, has a population of approximately 2.8 million people. It is renowned for its bustling port, vibrant night markets, and cultural attractions such as the Lotus Pond.

San Diego, on the other hand, is the second-largest city in California, with a population of around 1.4 million residents. It is known for its beautiful beaches, world-class zoo, and the historic Gaslamp Quarter.

Both cities offer a high quality of life, with a range of recreational activities for residents and tourists alike.

Taichung vs. San Francisco

Lastly, let’s compare Taichung and San Francisco. Taichung, the third-largest city in Taiwan, has a population of approximately 2.8 million people. It is known for its pleasant climate, rich history, and cultural landmarks such as the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts.

San Francisco, on the other hand, is a major city in California with a population of around 883,000 residents. It is famous for its iconic Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, and diverse neighborhoods like Chinatown and Haight-Ashbury.

Both Taichung and San Francisco have a unique charm and offer a wide range of attractions for visitors to explore.

While these comparisons highlight the differences in population between major cities in Taiwan and California, it’s important to note that size alone doesn’t determine the appeal or significance of a city.

Each of these cities has its own distinct character, cultural heritage, and attractions that make them worth exploring. So whether you find yourself in Taipei or Los Angeles, Kaohsiung or San Diego, Taichung or San Francisco, you’re sure to have a memorable experience.

Agricultural Output

Taiwan’s main crops

Taiwan is known for its diverse agricultural industry and is home to various crops. Some of the main crops grown in Taiwan include rice, tea, pineapples, bananas, and vegetables. Rice is the staple crop of Taiwan and is cultivated in both lowland and upland areas.

Taiwan is also famous for its high-quality tea, such as oolong and green tea, which are exported worldwide. Pineapples and bananas are other important crops that contribute to Taiwan’s agricultural output.

California’s main crops

California, on the other hand, is one of the leading agricultural regions in the United States. Due to its favorable climate and fertile soil, California produces a wide range of crops. Some of the main crops grown in California include almonds, grapes, strawberries, tomatoes, and lettuce.

Almonds are a significant crop in California, accounting for a large portion of the state’s agricultural revenue. California is also known for its wine production, with Napa Valley being a renowned wine-growing region.

Farm size comparisons

When comparing the farm sizes in Taiwan and California, it is important to note that California has a much larger land area dedicated to agriculture. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), California has over 76,000 farms spread across approximately 25 million acres of farmland.

In contrast, Taiwan has a smaller land area, resulting in smaller farms. The average farm size in Taiwan is around 1.5 hectares, while in California, it is closer to 325 hectares.

Despite the difference in farm sizes, both Taiwan and California play significant roles in their respective agricultural industries. While California’s larger farms allow for greater production and economies of scale, Taiwan’s smaller farms focus on high-quality, specialty crops.

Both regions contribute to global food production and provide consumers with a wide variety of agricultural products.


While Taiwan and California are similar in some ways, the size differences between the sub-tropical island and the vast state are stark. With less than 4% of California’s land area, Taiwan’s population density is extremely high compared to the sprawling Golden State.

From towering mountain ranges to rugged Pacific coastlines, the geography also varies greatly between these iconic western Pacific places. While both economies are driven by technology and agriculture, the scale of production is much greater across California’s vast acreage.

This analysis puts the compact island of Taiwan in perspective compared to the grand scale of California, one of the U.S.’s largest states. While both places possess their own superlatives, their huge variability in size and scope is captivating.

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