What Is Considered Central Florida?

Central Florida is known for its theme parks, beaches, and warm weather. But what exactly constitutes central Florida? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the counties, cities, and geographic features that make up this sunny region of the state.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: Central Florida generally refers to the central region of the state, including Orlando and the surrounding counties like Orange, Seminole, Osceola, and Polk.

Defining Central Florida Geographically

When it comes to defining Central Florida, it is important to consider its geographical boundaries, major geographic features, and prominent lakes and rivers. These factors play a significant role in understanding the unique characteristics of this region.

Central Florida’s Borders

Central Florida is a region located in the central part of the state. It is not precisely defined by specific county lines but generally includes counties such as Orange, Seminole, Osceola, Lake, Volusia, Brevard, and Polk.

This region is often referred to as the “heart of Florida” due to its central location within the state.

Major Geographic Features

Central Florida is characterized by its diverse landscape, which includes rolling hills, flatlands, and coastal areas. The region is home to the Ocala National Forest, one of the largest forests in the state, offering an abundance of recreational activities such as hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing.

In addition, the region is known for its rich agricultural lands, which contribute to Florida’s thriving citrus industry.

Prominent Lakes and Rivers

Central Florida is blessed with numerous lakes and rivers that not only provide scenic beauty but also offer opportunities for water-based activities. One of the most famous lakes in the region is Lake Apopka, which is the third-largest lake in the state.

It is renowned for its diverse wildlife and is a popular spot for fishing and boating.

Another notable feature is the St. Johns River, which flows through Central Florida and is one of the few rivers in the United States that flows north. The river is a haven for boating enthusiasts, nature lovers, and anglers, offering a unique experience to explore the region’s natural beauty.

Central Florida’s geography, with its lush landscapes, beautiful lakes, and meandering rivers, makes it a desirable destination for both residents and visitors alike. Whether you’re looking to explore the wilderness, enjoy water activities, or simply relax in a serene environment, Central Florida has something to offer for everyone.

Major Cities and Counties of Central Florida

Orlando/Orange County

When it comes to Central Florida, one city that immediately comes to mind is Orlando. Known as “The City Beautiful,” Orlando is the most populous city in Central Florida and the county seat of Orange County.

Famous for being home to world-renowned theme parks like Walt Disney World and Universal Orlando Resort, Orlando attracts millions of visitors each year. In addition to its exciting entertainment options, Orlando is also a major center for business, with a thriving tourism industry and a growing tech sector.

Orange County, where Orlando is located, is one of the most populous counties in Florida. It offers a diverse range of attractions, including beautiful lakes, nature parks, and cultural institutions. The county is also home to several universities and colleges, making it a hub for education and research.

Kissimmee/Osceola County

Located just south of Orlando, Kissimmee is another city that is considered part of Central Florida. Kissimmee is known for its close proximity to the major theme parks and its charming downtown area. It offers a more relaxed and laid-back atmosphere compared to the bustling streets of Orlando.

Osceola County, where Kissimmee is situated, is named after a famous Seminole warrior and is known for its natural beauty. The county boasts numerous lakes, nature preserves, and wildlife refuges, making it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts.

Osceola County is also home to the Silver Spurs Arena, which hosts a variety of events including rodeos and concerts.

Sanford/Seminole County

Located to the north of Orlando, Sanford is a historic city that is considered part of Central Florida. It is known for its charming downtown area, lined with brick streets and historic buildings. Sanford is also home to the Central Florida Zoo and Botanical Gardens, which showcases a diverse range of animal and plant species.

Seminole County, where Sanford is located, offers a mix of suburban and rural landscapes. It is known for its excellent schools, beautiful parks, and recreational opportunities. Seminole County is also home to the Wekiva River, a designated National Wild and Scenic River, which provides opportunities for boating, fishing, and wildlife viewing.

Lakeland/Polk County

Situated to the west of Orlando, Lakeland is a city that is often included in the definition of Central Florida. Lakeland is known for its beautiful lakes, including Lake Hollingsworth, which is surrounded by a scenic walking path.

The city is also home to the annual Sun ‘n Fun Fly-In, one of the largest aviation events in the world.

Polk County, where Lakeland is located, is the fourth most populous county in Florida. It is known for its agricultural heritage, with citrus groves and cattle ranches dotting the landscape. Polk County is also home to the LEGOLAND Florida Resort, which offers a unique theme park experience for families.

Climate and Weather Patterns

Central Florida is known for its unique climate and weather patterns, which play a significant role in defining the region. The area experiences a subtropical climate, characterized by warm and humid conditions throughout most of the year.

This makes Central Florida an ideal destination for those seeking a year-round warm climate.

Subtropical Climate

Central Florida falls under the subtropical climate zone, which means it has hot and humid summers, mild winters, and a generally pleasant climate. The region is blessed with an average of 233 sunny days per year, providing ample opportunity for outdoor activities and enjoyment of the beautiful natural surroundings.

The warm temperatures in Central Florida are ideal for outdoor enthusiasts, as they allow for activities such as swimming, boating, and hiking to be enjoyed year-round. The pleasant climate also attracts visitors from all over the world, who come to experience the region’s natural beauty and enjoy the many attractions it has to offer.

Rainy Season

Central Florida experiences a distinct rainy season, which typically runs from June to September. During this time, the region sees an increase in rainfall, often in the form of afternoon thunderstorms. These showers are usually short-lived and provide temporary relief from the heat.

The rainy season in Central Florida can be a refreshing change, as it helps to cool down the temperatures and nourish the lush vegetation that the region is known for. It is important to be prepared for sudden downpours during this time, but they often clear up quickly, allowing for outdoor activities to continue.

Hurricane Threat

One of the weather challenges that Central Florida faces is the potential threat of hurricanes. The region is located in the Atlantic hurricane basin, making it susceptible to these powerful storms during the Atlantic hurricane season, which runs from June 1st to November 30th.

While Central Florida has not experienced a direct hit from a major hurricane in recent years, it is important for residents and visitors to remain vigilant and prepared. Authorities closely monitor any potential storms, and evacuation plans are in place to ensure the safety of the community.

For the latest information on hurricane preparedness and updates, it is recommended to visit websites such as the National Hurricane Center or the National Weather Service.

Despite the potential threat of hurricanes, Central Florida remains a popular destination for tourists and residents alike, thanks to its abundant sunshine, warm temperatures, and diverse recreational opportunities.

Culturally Significant Sites and Events

Central Florida is home to a wide array of culturally significant sites and events that attract millions of visitors each year. From world-renowned theme parks to historic landmarks, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this vibrant region.

Theme Parks

When it comes to theme parks, Central Florida is truly the epicenter. The region is home to some of the most famous and beloved amusement parks in the world, including Walt Disney World, Universal Orlando Resort, and SeaWorld Orlando.

These parks offer a variety of thrilling rides, live entertainment, and magical experiences that make them a must-visit for tourists and locals alike. Whether you’re a fan of fairy tales, superheroes, or marine life, Central Florida’s theme parks have something to offer everyone.

Kennedy Space Center

The Kennedy Space Center, located on the east coast of Central Florida, is a site of immense historical and cultural significance. It is where NASA’s space shuttles were launched and where the Apollo missions to the moon were planned and executed.

Visitors to the Kennedy Space Center can explore interactive exhibits, view actual spacecraft, and even meet astronauts. It’s an awe-inspiring experience that offers a glimpse into the history and future of space exploration.

Citrus Bowl

The Citrus Bowl, located in Orlando, is a premier sporting venue that hosts a variety of events throughout the year. It has been the site of numerous college football bowl games, including the Citrus Bowl itself, which showcases some of the top teams in the nation.

In addition to football, the Citrus Bowl also hosts concerts, festivals, and other community gatherings. It’s a place where sports and entertainment come together, creating memorable experiences for attendees.

Daytona 500

The Daytona 500, held annually at the Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, is one of the most prestigious and anticipated events in the world of motorsports. It is the season-opening race for the NASCAR Cup Series and attracts racing fans from around the globe.

The Daytona 500 is known for its high-speed action, intense competition, and rich history. It’s a must-see event for any motorsports enthusiast.

These culturally significant sites and events in Central Florida contribute to the region’s vibrant and diverse cultural landscape. They not only provide entertainment and excitement but also serve as important economic drivers, attracting tourists and creating jobs.

Whether you’re a thrill-seeker, history buff, or sports fan, Central Florida has something to offer that will leave you with lasting memories.


In summary, central Florida encompasses Orlando and the surrounding inland counties, featuring a subtropical climate and iconic destinations. The geographic borders, major cities, climate, and cultural attractions all contribute to central Florida’s identity as the Sunshine State’s Theme Park Capital.

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