The question of whether Texas is part of the Midwest region of the United States is one that often sparks debate. With its history of cattle ranching, predominant Southern culture, and location in the South Central region, Texas doesn’t seem to fit the mold of what many consider the Midwest. However, there are also some characteristics of Texas that align more closely with the Midwest than the South. Here’s a quick answer: Technically no, Texas is not considered part of the Midwest region by the U.S. Census Bureau. However, some broader definitions of the Midwest include parts of Texas due to shared attributes like agriculture and conservative politics.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll examine how the U.S. is divided into different regions, why the Census Bureau excludes Texas from the Midwest, arguments for and against including Texas as a Midwestern state, and where Texas fits when dividing the country into regions culturally and politically.

How the U.S. is Divided into Regions by the Census Bureau

The United States Census Bureau is responsible for dividing the country into various regions based on geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic factors. These regions help provide a better understanding of the country’s diversity and allow for more accurate data analysis.

The Census Bureau uses a combination of criteria such as population density, economic activities, and historical patterns to determine the regional divisions.

The Midwest Region According to the Census

The Midwest region, as defined by the Census Bureau, includes twelve states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. This region is known for its agricultural productivity, manufacturing industries, and rich cultural heritage.

The Great Lakes and the Mississippi River play a significant role in shaping the region’s landscape and economy.

When we think of the Midwest, images of vast cornfields, friendly people, and vibrant cities like Chicago often come to mind. The region’s diverse economy encompasses agriculture, manufacturing, technology, and healthcare sectors, making it a vital contributor to the overall U.S. economy.

Where Does the U.S. Census Place Texas?

Texas, with its unique blend of cultures and landscapes, is not classified as part of the Midwest region. Instead, the Census Bureau places Texas in the Southern region along with twelve other states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

As the second-largest state in both land area and population, Texas stands out as a diverse and vibrant region. From the bustling cities of Houston and Dallas to the ranches of West Texas and the coastal communities along the Gulf of Mexico, the Lone Star State offers a wide range of experiences and opportunities.

While Texas shares some similarities with the Midwest, such as its agricultural production and friendly communities, its distinct cultural influences and geographic location make it a better fit within the Southern region.

To learn more about the regional divisions and the criteria used by the Census Bureau, you can visit their official website: The Census Bureau’s comprehensive data and analysis provide valuable insights into the country’s regional differences and contribute to our understanding of the United States as a whole.

Why the Census Bureau Classifies Texas as the South Instead of Midwest

When you think of Texas, you might envision cowboys, barbecue, and wide-open spaces. But did you know that according to the U.S. Census Bureau, Texas is classified as part of the South region rather than the Midwest?

This classification might seem puzzling at first, especially considering Texas’ geographical location. However, there are several factors that contribute to this classification.

History and Settlement Patterns

The history of Texas plays a significant role in the Census Bureau’s classification. Texas was originally part of Mexico until it gained independence in 1836. It later joined the United States in 1845 as the 28th state.

During the 19th century, Texas attracted settlers primarily from the Southern states, such as Tennessee, Mississippi, and Georgia. These settlers brought with them their Southern culture, traditions, and agricultural practices, which still heavily influence Texas today.

Additionally, Texas has a strong connection to the Confederacy during the Civil War. Many Texans fought on the side of the Confederacy, further solidifying their ties to the South region. This historical context has had a lasting impact on Texas’ identity and its classification as part of the South.

Economy and Industry

Another factor influencing the Census Bureau’s classification is Texas’ economy and industry. Texas is known for its thriving oil and gas industry, which has historically been centered in the southern part of the state.

This industry has played a significant role in shaping Texas’ economy and has contributed to its classification as part of the South.

Furthermore, Texas has strong agricultural sectors, particularly in cotton, cattle, and poultry production. These industries have historically been associated with the Southern states and further contribute to Texas’ classification as part of the South region.

Culture and Cuisine

The culture and cuisine of Texas also align more closely with the South than the Midwest. Texans have a distinct Southern accent and share many cultural traits with the Southern states, such as a love for country music, rodeos, and traditional Southern hospitality.

When it comes to cuisine, Texas is famous for its barbecue, which is deeply rooted in Southern cooking traditions. The state is also known for its Tex-Mex cuisine, which combines elements of Mexican and Southern culinary influences.

These cultural and culinary ties to the South further support the Census Bureau’s classification of Texas as part of the South region.

Arguments for Considering Texas Part of the Midwest Culturally and Politically

Agricultural Ties

One argument for considering Texas part of the Midwest is its strong agricultural ties. Texas is not only known for its oil and gas industry but also for its vast farmlands and agricultural production. The state ranks among the top producers of cotton, cattle, and other agricultural commodities.

The agricultural industry plays a significant role in Texas’ economy and culture, which is a common characteristic shared with the states in the Midwest. The Midwest is often referred to as the “breadbasket” of the United States due to its extensive agricultural production, and Texas certainly contributes to this image.

Conservative ‘Red State’ Politics

Another argument for considering Texas part of the Midwest is its conservative political landscape. Texas is known for its strong conservative values and is often referred to as a “red state.” This aligns with the political leanings of many Midwestern states, which are also predominantly conservative.

The shared conservative ideologies and voting patterns between Texas and the Midwest states suggest a cultural and political connection that can be used to argue for Texas’ inclusion in the Midwest.

Overlapping Values

In addition to agricultural ties and conservative politics, there are also overlapping values between Texas and the Midwest states. Both regions have a strong sense of community, pride in their heritage, and a focus on family values.

These shared values contribute to a similar cultural identity that can be seen in various aspects of life, including traditions, festivals, and social norms. While the geography and climate of Texas may differ from the Midwest, the cultural similarities can be used as an argument for considering Texas part of the Midwest.

Reasons Why Texas is Generally Not Grouped with the Midwest

While Texas is undeniably part of the United States, it is not typically grouped with the Midwest region. There are several reasons why Texas is generally considered separate from the Midwest.

Climate and Geography

One of the primary reasons why Texas is not grouped with the Midwest is due to its distinct climate and geography. The Midwest is characterized by its flat plains, agricultural landscapes, and four seasons.

In contrast, Texas is known for its diverse geography, including deserts, coastal areas, and mountains. The climate in Texas varies greatly from region to region, with hot summers and mild winters in the southern parts, while the northern parts experience colder temperatures and even snowfall.

These differences in climate and geography make Texas stand out from the predominantly flat and agriculturally-focused Midwest region.

Lack of Shared Identity with the Midwest

Another reason why Texas is not commonly associated with the Midwest is the lack of shared identity and cultural similarities. The Midwest is often characterized by its strong agricultural heritage, small-town values, and close-knit communities.

Texas, on the other hand, has its own unique identity and cultural influences. With a rich history shaped by Spanish, Mexican, and Western traditions, Texas has developed a distinct culture that sets it apart from the Midwest.

Texans are known for their love of country music, Tex-Mex cuisine, and a strong sense of pride in their state.

Texas Pride and Independent Streak

One cannot overlook the fierce pride and independent spirit that Texans possess. This pride in their state and independence from the rest of the country is one of the reasons why Texas is not grouped with the Midwest.

Texans often view themselves as a separate entity, with a strong emphasis on their own history, culture, and values. This independent streak can be seen in the state’s politics, with Texas often forging its own path in various policy areas.

This sense of pride and independence further reinforces the notion that Texas is distinct from the Midwest region.

It is important to note that regional classifications can be subjective and may vary depending on the context. While Texas is generally not grouped with the Midwest, it does share some similarities with neighboring states such as Oklahoma and parts of Kansas.

Ultimately, Texas’s unique climate, geography, cultural identity, and independent spirit make it stand out as its own distinct region within the United States.

Texas’ Unique Place in U.S. Regional Divisions

When it comes to regional divisions in the United States, Texas occupies a unique position that defies easy categorization. While it is often associated with the South due to its history and cultural ties, Texas also shares characteristics with both the Southwestern and Western regions of the country.

This article will explore Texas’ place in U.S. regional divisions and shed light on why it stands out among other states.

Part of the Southwestern U.S.

Geographically, Texas is undeniably part of the Southwestern region of the United States. With its vast deserts, rugged landscapes, and proximity to the Mexican border, the state shares many similarities with its neighboring Southwestern states such as Arizona and New Mexico.

The Southwestern region is known for its unique blend of Mexican and Native American influences, which can be seen in Texas’ cuisine, architecture, and cultural traditions.

Furthermore, Texas’ climate is also characteristic of the Southwestern region, with hot summers and mild winters. The state experiences a semi-arid climate in its western regions, transitioning to a more humid subtropical climate in the eastern parts.

Bridges the South and West

While Texas has strong ties to the Southwestern region, it also serves as a bridge between the South and the West. Historically, Texas was part of the Confederacy during the Civil War and shares many cultural similarities with the Southern states.

The state’s Southern heritage is evident in its traditional values, hospitality, and love for country music.

On the other hand, Texas also embodies the spirit of the West, with its vast ranches, cowboy culture, and oil industry. The state’s western regions are home to iconic landscapes like the Hill Country and the Big Bend National Park, attracting visitors from all over the country.

Additionally, Texas is the largest producer of oil in the United States, contributing significantly to the country’s energy industry.

More State than Regional Identity

Despite its unique blend of regional characteristics, Texas has developed a strong state identity that often surpasses its regional affiliation. Texans are known for their fierce pride and independence, often referring to their state as the “Lone Star State.”

The state’s size and population also contribute to its distinctiveness, as Texas is the second-largest state in terms of both land area and population.

Furthermore, Texas’ economic and cultural influence extends far beyond its regional boundaries. The state boasts a diverse economy, with major industries ranging from healthcare and technology to agriculture and manufacturing.

Texas is home to several Fortune 500 companies and has a growing tech industry, particularly in cities like Austin.


While the U.S. Census Bureau firmly places Texas in the South region, there are arguments to be made that parts of Texas share some cultural and political affinity with the Midwest. However, its history and most of its characteristics still align more closely with the Southern states. Texas’ enormous size and diversity means it spans multiple regional influences, but its independent identity makes it difficult to lump squarely into any region. So while some East or North Texas counties may share attributes with the Midwest, Texas as a whole is considered a Southwestern state with its own unique regional flavor.

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